Research needs to leave academic circles to be of societal relevance. Here I list few attempts where I try to make an impact.

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Societal Relevance

A summary of societal relevance and policy impact of my research can be accessed here.

Cultural Policy

Cultural Heritage as a Source of Societal Well-being in European Regions, Country expert for Denmark, 2020-2022

Economics and the arts. A virtuous example of gender equality, joint with Caterina Mauri, Report on gender equality in cultural economics, 2019

New research proves cultural value of video gaming, Policy brief commissioned by the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA) in the UK, 2017

Consumption of Europe's Cultural Heritage in the Digital Age: Does Fiscal Policy matter?, joint with Trilce Navarrete and Lucie Duggan, Chapter commissioned by the Ministry of Culture and Communication in France, 2017

The Long-tail of Museum Collections: Ethnographic collections onsite and online, joint with Trilce Navarrete, UNESCO Institute for Statistics Symposium Proceedings, 2016

The Economic and Fiscal Dimension of Cultural Heritage, European Policy Brief, 2016

Cultural Heritage as fuel for innovation: Enabling the power of creation, Think Papers Collection, 2016

Place-making, promotion and commodification of Cultural Heritage resources, RICHES Policy Report, 2015

Fiscal and Economic Issues in the Digital Age, RICHES Policy Report, 2015

Economics of Culture, RICHES Information Brochure, 2015

RICHES Taxonomy of cultural heritage definitions, European Policy Brief, 2015

Books and Chapters

What Makes a Great Composer? An Economist’s Answer based on a Millennium of Data, joint with Marc Law. Princeton: Princeton University Press, under contract, forthcoming 2025

The Economics of Art and Culture (3rd edition), joint with Charles M. Gray and the late James Heilbrun. New York: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming September 2023

Orchestrating Change: The Future of Orchestras post Covid-19, joint with John O'Hagan. In Elisa Salvador, Trilce Navarrete and Andrej Srakar (Eds.), Creative Industries and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A European Focus. London: Routledge, 2021

Creativity. In Ruth Towse and Trilce Navarrete (Eds.), Handbook of Cultural Economics. Cheltenham: Elgar, 2020: 145-153

Arts and Culture, joint with Diana Greenwald. In Claude Diebolt & Mike Haupert (Eds.), Handbook of Cliometrics. Heidelberg: Springer, 2019

The Cultural Value and Variety of Playing Video Games, joint with Juan Prieto-Rodriguez. In J. Prieto-Rodriguez, V.M. Ateca-Amestoy, V. Ginsburgh, I. Mazza and J. O'Hagan (Eds.), Enhancing Cultural Participation in the EU. Challenges and Methods. Heidelberg: Springer, 2017: 323-336

Cultural Heritage in a Changing World [pdf], joint with Neil Forbes and Antonella Fresa (Eds.). Heidelberg: Springer, 2016

  • Book downloaded 480k+ (Bookmetrix) and received by a President of Poland

  • Media Coverage (selected)

    Well-being and creativity, Sister Doctor Squared Podcast, September 2022

    Ukrainsk flygtning i Danmark, Politiken, 8 August 2022

    Komponister i krigsramte lande er mere kreative, Kristeligt Dagblad, 9 June 2022

    Artisters kreativitet blomstrer under krigsangreb, Dansk Artist Forbund, 16 June 2022

    Kreativiteten stiger, når fjenden angriber, DR Radio, 2 June 2022

    Sad music can bring us to tears, ABC News, 31 May 2022

    Krig og Kultur, Ny Viden, 25 May 2022

    Bittersweet, #1 New York Times Bestseller, by Susan Cain, 20 April 2022

    Is There an Inherent Connection Between Sadness and Art-Making?, Literary Hub, 7 April 2022

    Teachers and Creativity, The Visible Hand Podcast, 31 March 2022

    Monet Talks, Perspectives, 1 February 2022

    How teachers influence creativity, VoxEU, 29 January 2022

    What is the creative influence of teachers?,, 18 January 2022

    Welchen kreativen Einfluss haben Lehrer? Einblicke aus der Musikkomposition seit 1450, Ökonomenstimme, 9 July 2021

    Economics needs to evolve, The Economist, 26 June 2021

    The average gamer (from 21:20), More or Less, BBC Radio 4, 2 June 2021

    Creativity, Well-being and the Influence of Composers since 1450, The Economic History Podcast, 1 June 2021

    Does the analysis of Beethoven's letters prove that creativity arises from misery? (in French), Passéisme, 19 May 2021

    Hvilken indflydelse har rollemodeller i de kreative sektorer?, Erhvervplus, 9 February 2021

    Beethovens breve sladrer om inspirationen i sorgen, Kristeligt Dagblad, 3 February 2021

    8 Insights From A 160 Year Study On Artists, Musicians, Actors And Authors, Forbes, 28 January 2021

    Beethoven 250: analysis of the composer’s letters proves that creativity does spring forth from misery, The Conversation, 16 December 2020

    Ny forskning: Et rigt kulturliv øger nystartede virksomheders mulighed for at få succe, Kulturmonitor, 28 October 2020

    Kunstnere skaber økonomisk vækst, Ny Viden, 20 October 2020

    For These Local Artists, Essential Work Was the Foundation of a Creative Life. Now What?, Washington City Paper, 28 May 2020

    If we want a vital, creative society, The Washington Post, 4 August 2020

    The land of artistic beauty and racial inequality: A study of the US since 1850, VoxEU, 2 July 2020

    Is sadness the fuel of creative geniuses? (in Portuguese), Diário de Notícias, 14 January 2020

    The Pursuit of Deadly Immortality (in Chinese), Handan Culture Network, 12 January 2020

    Why do geniuses come in groups? The mystery of the composer (in Chinese), Yidian Zixun, 7 January 2020

    The Anatomy of Sadness (from 34:47), The Pulse, WHYY National Public Radio, 6 September 2019

    Art for the 99 Percent, Jacobian, 4 May 2019

    Wealth Is a Strong Predictor of Whether an Individual Pursues a Creative Profession, Smithsonian, 2 May 2019

    Study Shows Artists Are More Likely to Come From Wealthy Families, Highsnobiety, 1 May 2019

    Study: Artists Are More Likely to Come From Rich Families, W, 30 April 2019

    Do You Come From a Wealthy Family? You're More Likely to Become an Artist Than Someone From a Poorer Background, Artnet News, 29 April 2019

    A Study Says High Family Income Significantly Increases Likelihood of Becoming an Artist, Hyperallergic, 26 April 2019

    Poverty as a soul devourer (in Czech), Roklen24, 26 April 2019

    Want to Be an Artist? Hope Your Parents Are Loaded, Money, 23 April 2019

    Fiscal and economic aspects of book consumption in the European Union,, 3 July 2018

    La TVA, le prix, et le pass culture, Livres Hebdo, 2 May 2018

    Studie belegt: Gamer sind gebildet, kulturell engagiert und haben viel Geld, Giga, 30 July 2017

    Typical video gamer is middle-aged, educated and female, Nesta study finds, The Sunday Times, 22 July 2017

    Economists defending video game players, liveMINT, 18 February 2017

    Mozart te ensena a seguir siendo creativo en estados bajos de animo, Equipos & Talento, 16 November 2016

    Untitled, The Mail on Sunday, 14 August 2016

    Ode an die Traurigkeit: Niedergeschlagenheit als Kreativitats-Katalysator bei Mozart und Beethoven?, Klassik, 5 August 2016

    The powerful and positve effect of sadness, Myanmar Times, 4 August 2016

    Link between negative emotions and artistic brilliance confirmed, Toronto Star, 31 July 2016

    Researcher: Mozart, Beethoven, Liszt Were More Creative When They Were Unhappy, Arts Journal, 29 July 2016

    For Mozart, Misery Inspired Masterpieces, Pacific Standard Magazine, 29 July 2016

    Misery found to feed creativity, NZ Herald, 27 July 2016

    Mozart, Beethoven and why happiness can get in the way of creativity, World Economic Forum, 27 July 2016

    Study: Being Depressed Can Make You More Creative,, 26 July 2016

    Science Says If You Want To Be Creative, Try Being Completely Miserable,, 26 July 2016

    Por que ser feliz puede ser una desventaja para los artistas?, El Observador, 26 July 2016

    El gran beneficio de la tristeza, explicado por Mozart y Beethoven, PlayGround Magazine, 26 July 2016

    The downside of being happy, The Washington Post, 25 July 2016

    Little ode to joy in letters from composers' productive years, Boston Globe, 19 June 2016

    From Berlin's warehouses to London's estates: How cities shape music scenes, The Guardian, 3 February 2016

    There’s no need to suffer for your art, The Times, 24 December 2015

    Gastblog: Digitization of Heritage Collections as Indicator of Innovation, Digital Heritage Netherlands, 21 September 2015

    Tod nach Noten (eng. Death after notes), GEO Magazine, July 2015

    The persistence of Italian musical and entertainment traditions, Marginal Revolution, 23 May 2015

    Stress caused by bitter rivalry led to premature deaths of leading 19th century composers, The Telegraph, 18 April 2015

    Streben nach Ruhm ließ Komponisten früher sterben, Kurier, 9 April 2015

    Is Peer Pressure Shortening Your Life?, The Pacific Standard Magazine, 6 April 2015

    Les compositeurs mouraient plus jeunes en partie a cause du stress, Slate France, 6 April 2015

    Byernes musik, Fynske Medier, 22 March 2015

    War Can Both Inspire and Inhibit Artistic Creativity, The Pacific Standard Magazine, 4 December 2014

    Why it pays to live near creative people - just not too many, The Washington Post, 8 September 2014

    The time has come for a new Lottery distributor for the video games industry, Nesta Blog, 21 March 2014

    Competitive Nature, New Music Box, 25 October 2013

    Hysteresis in cultural supply, Economic Logic Blog, 11 September 2012

    The dark side of competition, Stumbling and Mumbling Blog, 6 July 2011

    Cluster Research looked at Composers, RTE News, 13 April 2011

    What did two centuries of war do to classical music?, Chris Blattman's Blog, 12 April 2011

    Obudzil w sobie ogromna sile, Part 2 (eng. He awaked in himself a powerful strength), Echo Dnia Daily Newspaper, 15 February 2008

    Kultur in Krakau, Breslau & Co. (eng. Culture in Krakow, Wroclaw & Co.), Polykum 7, 2005/06

    Mit der Ostgang Kultur in Polen holen (eng. Getting Culture with Ostgang in Poland), Polykum 2, 2005

    Polen im Irak eine Chance geben (eng. Give Poles a Chance in Iraq), Tages Anzeiger, 14 May 2003

    Najlepsi z najlepszych (eng. The Best of the Best), Echo Dnia Daily Newspaper, 17 November 1999

    I have founded and co-edited - Research-based policy analysis and commentary. The platform is set up to promote the dissemination of research-based policy analysis and commentary by cultural economists. The intended audiences are governmental cultural policy makers, arts' advisory councils, cultural and heritage institutions, academia and the private sector as well as journalists specialising in the art and culture as economics and cultural studies students. If you are interested in writing an entry, please contact me.

  • is viewed 18000+ per year by 9000+ recurring visitors, and publishes ca. 25 articles per year

  • Public Lectures and Research Impact

    I am very excited about delivering public lectures and sharing my research implications not only with fellow economists, but also with policy makers, colleagues from other disciplines and the wider public. I delivered keynote speeches at the Polish Conference of Cultural Economics (slides) in Warsaw, at the International Conference on Cultural Heritage in Pisa, I spoke at a general public conferences on Cultural and Media Economics, invited by the French Cultural Ministry, on Economic History and Economic Policy, invited by the National Bank of France, and at the interdisciplinary conference "Genius for Sale!", invited by the University of Oxford.

    Manifest of a Scholar

    Research needs to leave academic circles. Not necessary each single paper, as some research can be formative, but every now and then it needs to reach the society. Otherwise, in the extreme, if it forever remained in academic journals and scholarly circles, it would have completely no value. Research for the sake of research comes with no benefit, other than the scholarly pleasure derived from conducting it, and any claims to receive public funds would be illegitimate. The only way for research to become potentially valuable is to reach sometimes the public. Above I list few modest attempts where I try to make an impact.